Kaletra is a medicine called a protease inhibitor that is used to treat Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in adults and children.
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This is a fixed dose combination medication and is used for the treatment of HIV/AIDS. This medicine contains lopinavir with a low dose of ritonavir. This medicine was first used in the year 2000. This medicine is part of the World Health Organization`s list of essential medicines and has been deemed as safe for use. It is also an effective medicine and is prescribed worldwide. The production cost of this medicine is high and the generic version is not available in many countries including the USA.

Uses of Kaletra

This medicine is used to treat HIV/AIDS as it prevents the human immunodeficiency virus from multiplying in our body. It has to be noted that this medicine will not cure the HIV/AIDS.

Side Effects of Kaletra

This medicine has strong antiviral properties hence can have multiple side effects in some patients. If you are not sure about the side effects then contact your doctor before this medicine. It is important that you understand the medicine completely before you start using it. There have been many side effects that have been reported for this medicine, some of the common side effects are

  • Diarrhea
  • High cholesterol
  • Changes in the body fat especially in the arms, legs, neck and waist
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
Kaletra (lopinavir/ritonavir) 200/50mg tablets

Other than these common side effects there can be some serious side effects, for which you should get immediate medical help. If you experience any of the below side effects then contact your doctor immediately and stop using the medicine. These side effects can be

  • Severe dizziness
  • Headache with chest pain
  • Fast and pounding heartbeat
  • Fainting
  • Severe pain in the upper stomach
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Clay coloured stools
  • High blood sugar
  • Increased urination
  • Muscle weakness
  • Painful erection lasting for more than 4 hours
  • Tired feeling
  • Muscle pain
  • Short of breath
  • Hives
  • Allergic reactions
  • Sore throat
  • Swelling of the face, tongue
  • Burning sensation in the eyes
  • Skin rashes followed by skin pain
  • Blistering and peeling
  • Itching
  • Jaundice

This medicine can also change the way in which immune system works and can increase the risk of exposure to certain infections or autoimmune disorders. If you notice signs of new infection, fever, swollen glands, mouth sores, diarrhea, dry cough, sores on the genital, unable to speak or maintain balance, menstrual changes, impotence and loss of interest in sex, contact your doctor or get immediate medical help.

Contraindications of Kaletra

If you are using this medicine then you will have to take care of certain precautions. If you are allergic to this medicine or to any of its active components then do not use this medicine. Certain drugs can also cause interactions when used along with this medicine. If you have a history of any of these diseases then this medicine can be dangerous for you. If you have pancreas problems, diabetes, low level of potassium in blood, hemophilia, liver disease especially hepatitis B or C, heart disorders, and high cholesterol then contact your doctor immediately.

Pregnancy and Kaletra

This medicine can make the birth control pills less effective, hence consult your doctor for better options to control pregnancy. This medicine is not known to harm the unborn baby, however, patients suffering from HIV can pass the disease to their newborn. Women suffering from HIV/AIDS should not breast feed their babies as they can pass the infection through breast milk.

This drug is basically the combination of two different components known as lopinavir and ritonavir. These both components are known as antiviral medication which stops the production of Health immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cells inside the body. On the other hand this medicine is also use for HIV and AIDs Treatment but it is not a cure for them. It might be use for many of the other purposes which are not listed in this article. If patient ever felt any allergic reaction with lopinavir and ritonavir then it is not recommended for use. Patient should ask from doctor if there is a need to take any other medicine along with Kaletra otherwise a serious kind of reaction may happen inside the body.

Sometimes doctors may change the medications if patient is using such medicines like alfuzosin, pimozide, rifampin, lovastatin, simvastatin midazolam and sildenafil. Also tell your doctor if you have suck diseases like liver disease, heart disease, history of Long QT Syndrome, pancreas problem, diabetes, low levels of potassium in blood, hemophilia and high cholesterol so doctor can manipulate the medicine or its quantity. It is not known either this medicine can affect the unborn baby in pregnancy or not but it is admitted that HIV can pass into unborn baby if it is not treated properly. So it is better to use other HIV controlling medicine along with Kaletra so it does not grow inside the body. This medicine reduce the effect of other birth controlling medicines that is why patient should ask from doctor about the use of other birth controlling methods like diaphragm, condoms or spermicidal. Breast feeding is strictly prohibited for women having HIV problem even her baby is born without this infection because this infection can pass through the breast milk inside the nursing baby. It is strictly prohibited for the younger than 14 years old. Patient must follow the instructions of the doctor about the use of medicine. Do not use large or less quantity of medicine as prescribed by the doctor. Be careful while using it for children and especially note the weight of the children. Urgently contact to the doctor if you feel any loss in child’s weight. Patient can use it with or without the food and try to swallow it as a whole. Do not crush or chew it.

Liquid suspension of this medicine can be used and can be measured with the help of dose measuring spoon or medicine cup. Go for a continuous blood test in medicine using period so that any unusual change can be judged in time. Store the medicine at room temperature out of the approach of children. Heat and moisture is not favorable for the medicine life so it is better to keep it away. Use the medicine dose at proper time and do not skip any dose for the better result. You can take make up dose as soon as possible but not enough close to the next dosage time because overdosing may happen in this scenario.