The generic name of Diovan is Valsartan. It is an angiotensin II receptor blocker. It prevents the narrowing of the blood vessels due to which the BP reduces and the blood circulation is improved.
Diovan is an orally active nonpeptide & specific angiotensin II receptor antagonist which acts on the receptor subtype - AT1. C24H29N5O3 is the empirical formula of Diovan with a molecular weight of 435.5.
Diovan is used for the treatment of hypertension and heart failure. Also, it is utilized after a heart attack to enhance the chances of survival. In those people who have experienced heart failure, it also may decrease the chances of hospital visit after a heart failure. It shows its effects by dilating the blood vessels because of which there is easy blood flow. Decrease in high BP helps in the prevention of kidney problems, heart attacks and strokes.
How to Use
Consume Diovan exactly as directed by your doctor. All the directions on your medicine label must be followed. Your doctor might sometimes alter your dosage so that you get the maximum benefits from the drug. Do not alter the dosage of this medicine on your own without consulting your physician.
Diovan can be taken with/without meal. But keep in mind that it should be consumed at the same time every day. Consume this drug by mouth as instructed by the doctor generally once or twice every day.
In rare cases this drug can be responsible for a condition that leads to skeletal muscle tissue breakdown, resulting in kidney failure. Let your doctor at once if you observe muscle pain, weakness, tenderness particularly if you have fatigue and fever also.
Also inform your doctor immediately if you observe:
- Shortness of breath;
- No urination,
- Enhanced weight gain;
- Increased thirst,
- Loss of appetite,
- Pounding heartbeats
- High potassium levels—weak pulse, slow heart rate, tingly feeling, muscle weakness.
Avoid the use of Diovan if you observe any kind of allergic response to valsartan.
To ensure that Diovan can be safely used, inform your doctor or physician if you have:
- Liver disorder
- Kidney disease
- A heart disease,
- If you are recommended a low-salt-diet;
- Dehydration in your body or
- If you observe any severe hypersensitive reaction to any medicine of blood pressure.
Pregnancy and Diovan
You shouldn’t use this medication if you are pregnant. Discontinue using this drug and let your doctor know at once if you get pregnant. Valsartan can be responsible for death or injury to the fetus if you consume the drug amidst your 2nd or 3rd trimester. Effective methods of birth control must be used.
It is unknown if valsartan goes into maternal milk or if any harm could be caused to a nursing baby. Avoid breast feeding your child during the intake of this drug.
Diovan is available by prescription only. Diovan is used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. The active ingredient, valsartan, works by preventing blood vessels from narrowing, thereby improving blood flow and reducing blood pressure.
Diovan is prescribed by doctors to treat other medical conditions.
Diovan should be taken as prescribed by a doctor. Diovan does not have to be taken with food. Never increase or decrease the dose without consulting a doctor.
Do not stop using Diovan even if you feel fine – blood pressure often has no symptoms.
If a dose is missed, it can be taken as soon as you remember, as long as it does not clash with the next scheduled dose. In this case, rather skip the missed dose. Never take a double dose.Precautions
Do not take Diovan if you are allergic to valsartan.
Diovan should be used with caution by people who have liver or kidney disease, congestive heart failure, or people who are dehydrated.
Diovan can cause harm, and even death, to an unborn fetus, especially when the drug is taken during the second and third trimesters of gestation. Pregnant women should therefore discuss the risks of using Diovan with a doctor.
Women should use an effective form of contraception while using Diovan. Should accidental pregnancy occur, stop using Diovan and contact your doctor immediately. It is not known if Diovan is passed into breast milk so women who are breast-feeding should discuss the risks of using Diovan with a doctor.
Ensure that your doctor has a full knowledge of your medical history, including any other medications you are using. These include vitamin supplements, herbal medicines and over-the-counter remedies. Diovan can react badly with certain medications.
Avoid the use of alcohol while taking Diovan. Alcohol can lower blood pressure.
Call for emergency medical assistance if any of the following allergic symptoms occur: difficulty in breathing, hives, or swelling of the lips, face, tongue or throat.
In rare cases, Diovan can cause a breakdown in skeletal muscle and tissue, which can cause kidney failure.
Contact your doctor if you have any of the following serious side effects: muscle pain or tenderness, fever, weakness, vomiting or nausea, dark colored urine, fainting, fast or pounding heart, weight gain, numbness, or tingling sensation.
Less serious side-effects include sore throat, runny or blocked nose, cough, diarrhea, back pain, constipation, stomach pain, dry mouth, lack of appetite, itching, skin rash, insomnia, headache, anxiety, dizziness, fatigue, weakness, or sexual problems.
This is not a complete list of side effects. If any other uncomfortable symptoms occur and persist, contact your doctor.
If overdose with Diovan is suspected, get emergency assistance immediately. Symptoms of overdose include slow or fast heartbeat, fainting, or dizziness.
Diovan should be kept in a cool, dry place away from sun and moisture.