Celexa (Citalopram Hydrobromide)
Celexa is an antidepressant drug that falls under the group of drugs known as SSRIs i.e. serotonin reuptake inhibitors. This group of drugs are used in the treatment of depression.
Citalopram is an antidepressant in a group of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).
The generic name of celexa is citalopram hydrobromide.
Indications of Celexa (Citalopram Hydrobromide)
Celexa (Citalopram Hydrobromide) is basically used in the treatment of depression.
Side- effects of Celexa (Citalopram Hydrobromide)
The side effects of Celexa (Citalopram Hydrobromide) can be classified into two categories namely, serious side- effects and common side- effects.
The serious side- effects of Celexa (Citalopram Hydrobromide) include:
- Allergic reaction to Celexa (Citalopram Hydrobromide) manifesting as hives or skin rashes, difficulty in breathing and swelling on face, tongue, lips or throat.
- Behavior changes or mood swings
- Trouble in sleeping
- Panic attacks
- Feeling impulsive, agitated, irritable, hostile, restless, aggressive, physically or mentally hyperactive
- Feeling more depressed
- Increased suicidal tendencies
- Feeling of hurting self
- Feeling light- headed, feeling like passing out
- Blurred vision, pain or swelling in eyes, tunnel vision, seeing halos around light
- Headache along with chest pain, dizziness, fainting, pounding or rapid heartbeat
- High level of serotonin in the body leading to symptoms like agitation, fever, hallucination, rapid heart rate, nausea, vomiting, overactive reflex, loss of coordination, diarrhea, fainting
- Severe nervous system reactions like sweating, rapid or uneven heartbeat, confusion, tremors, rigid muscles, feeling like passing out
- Low sodium level in the body leading to headache, slurred speech, confusion, severe weakness, feeling unsteady, vomiting
The common side- effects of Celexa (Citalopram Hydrobromide) include:
- Problems in concentration or memory
- Increased sweating
- Dry mouth
- Tingling or numbness
- Increased appetite
- Feeling shaky
- Rapid heartbeats
- Feeling tired
- Change in weight
- Symptoms of cold like sneezing, stuffy nose, sore throat
- Difficulty in having an orgasm
How to take Celexa (Citalopram Hydrobromide)?
Take (Citalopram Hydrobromide) as prescribed by your doctor. Do not change the quantity or period of taking the medication. Take it exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
The adult dose for depression:
- Initial dose: 20 mg one time a day
- Maintenance dose: 20 to 40 mg one time a day
- Maximum dose: 40 mg one time a day
The geriatric dose for depression:
For the patients of 60 years of age or more the recommended dose is 20 mg one time a day.
Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
If you are pregnant, you must discuss all the potential benefits and side- effects with your doctor. You should take the medication only if it is strictly needed and its benefits outweigh the potential risks associated with this medication.
Celexa (Citalopram Hydrobromide) is excreted into human milk and can lead to unwanted side- effects to the nursing baby. Hence, you should discontinue either breastfeeding or this medication, if you are a nursing mother.
Celexa contains citalopram hydrobromide which is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) anti-depressant. It is obtained in tablet form (10mg, 20mg, and 40mg), and an oral solution.Uses
The main use of Celexa is to treat depression. This condition often occurs when the brain is lacking in a natural chemical called serotonin. It is this chemical that helps keep our moods constant and promotes a feeling of happiness. Celexa can restore the correct level of serotonin in the brain.Dosage
Take this medication as directed. The tablets should be taken orally with water. In most cases the prescribed dose is taken once a day, either in the morning or at night. The doctor will prescribe the right dose for you. For best results, there should be a constant supply of Celexa in your blood stream therefore take each daily dose at the same time.
Your doctor will monitor your condition and, if necessary, he or she may increase the dose gradually. This will reduce the likelihood of side effects.
If using the liquid solution, shake the bottle well. To make sure the right amount is adminiseterd, use a measuring device. You can buy one from a pharmacy.
Continue using Celexa even if you are feeling less depressed. If you suddenly stop treatment, your depression disorder may worsen.
Your doctor will tell you when to stop treatment and will inform you exactly how to do this without suffering unpleasant withdrawal effects. Your dose will be reduced gradually so that your system can slowly learn to cope without it.
Before you notice the full effects of Celexa, it may take up to 4 weeks of treatment. If, after 4 weeks, there is no significant improvement, notify your doctor.Side effects
Dry mouth, nausea, insomnia, lack of appetite, fatigue, weakness, dizziness or drowsiness, excessive sweating, or blurry vision. If these last for more than a week, notify a doctor.
Serious side effects: extreme mood swings, hyperactivity, nervousness, suicidal thoughts, tremors, fainting, stomach pain, vomit that resembles coffee particles, bloody or black stools, easy bruising or bleeding, muscle cramps or weakness, irregular heart rate, decreased or increased urination, or difficulty urinating. Notify a doctor immediately.
Celexa, in rare cases, may cause a serious medical condition known as serotonin syndrome. If you have hallucinations, a lack of co-ordination, severe dizziness, a fast heart rate, fever, twitching muscles, severe diarrhea or vomiting, or if you feel very restless, notify a doctor immediately.
Although the chances are unlikely, an allergic reaction to this drug should be immediately reported to a doctor. The symptoms would be trouble breathing, severe dizziness, swelling, itching, or rash.Important Warnings
If you are allergic to citalopram hydrobromide or other SSRIs, or any other medical compound, inform your doctor.
Inform your doctor if you have a family history that includes any psychiatric disorders, suicides, a bleeding disorder, convulsions, stomach ulcers, dehydration, liver or kidney disease, or low levels of blood sodium.
Celexa may cause dizziness so be very careful if you do any activity that requires you to be alert such as driving or operating machines. Restrict your intake of alcohol.
Elderly people should be careful when using Celexa as they may be more prone to some side effects especially if they are using diuretics.
Celexa can harm an unborn fetus therefore if a woman becomes pregnant during treatment with this drug, a doctor should be immediately notified. Celexa can contaminate breast milk so women who are breastfeeding will have to speak to their doctors about the risks.