ACTOS tablets are also known as a thiazolidinedione. It is an agonist for PPAR- peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma which consists of an oral antidiabetic drug: pioglitazone.
Pioglitazone is used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in patients. Sometimes it is used in along with insulin or some other drugs. Type 1diabetes can’t be treated by this drug.
How to Use
Consume this medicine as recommended by your doctor. Don’t alter the dosage size by increasing or decreasing the quantity or using it for longer time than prescribed. The directions should be followed carefully which are given on your prescription label.
Take this drug once every day. The medicine may be consumed along with/without food.
You need to get your blood sugar level checked often. You may also need to get some other blood tests done at your doctor's clinic.
Keep in mind the symptoms of low level of blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and know the method of their recognition: headache, weakness, hunger, sweating, irritability, tremors, or trouble concentrating.
Avoid the use of actos if you observe any of the following symptoms:
- stomach pain
- painful urination;
- blood in your urine;
- mild exertion;
- shortness of breath
- chest pain,
- rapid weight gain;
- general ill feeling;
- upper stomach pain,
- loss of appetite,
- clay-colored stools,
- dark urine,
- increased thirst or
- blurred vision;
- increased hunger,
- pale skin,
- easy bruising
- more urination than usual; or
Less serious Actos side effects are as follows:
- cold symptoms like sneezing, stuffy nose, sore throat, cough,;
- gradual weight gain;
- muscle pain;
- tooth problems.
- back pain; or
Avoid the use of this drug if you are hypersensitive to pioglitazone, have experienced severe heart failure oractive bladder cancer, or if you are in a condition of diabetic ketoacidosis.
To ensure that pioglitazone is safe for your use, inform your physician if you suffer from any of the following medical conditions:
- heart disease;
- fluid retention;
- congestive heart failure
- a history of bladder cancer;
- liver disease.
- a history of heart attack or stroke; or
Some specific oral medicines of diabetes may enhance your risk of severe heart disorders. However, not treating your diabetes can damage your heart and other organs. Talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of treating your diabetes with pioglitazone.
Some females using pioglitazone have reported to have menstrual cycle, even though they did not have period from a very long time because of a medical condition.
Pregnancy and Actos
It is certainly not known if actos will cause any damage to an unborn baby. Inform your doctor in case you get pregnant or plan of becoming pregnant during the intake of this medication.
If pioglitazone can pass into maternal milk or not is yet unknown but avoid the intake of this medicine without the doctor’s consultation in case you breast-feed a baby.
Actos is available by prescription only. Actos is prescribed to manage type 2 diabetes. Actos may be used with insulin or other medications. Actos may be prescribed for other medical conditions as determined by a doctor. Actos should be used with an appropriate diet and a regular exercise program.
Always use Actos exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Dosage will depend on the individual patient. The recommended maximum dose of Actos per day is 45mg. Actos is to be taken once a day. It is not necessary to take Actos with food. Do not increase or decrease the dose without consulting a doctor.
If a dose is missed, it can be taken as soon as you remember, as long as it does not clash with the next scheduled dose. In this case, rather skip the missed dose. Never take a double dose.
Do not use Actos if you have type 1 diabetes.
Before using Actos ensure that your doctor has a full knowledge of your medical history because Actos can react badly with certain other medications.
Limit your intake of alcohol while using Actos. Alcohol can increase the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
To ensure that Actos if having beneficial results, you will need to have your blood tested regularly. Regular eye examinations and liver function tests are also recommended.
In the event of you becoming ill or injured, or if you require surgery, your doctor may need to adjust the dosage of Actos.
It is important to know the signs of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). These include headache, hunger, confusion, drowsiness, weakness, irritability, sweating, tremors, increased heart beat, seizures, or fainting.
Keep an emergency supply of sugar (glucose, orange juice or candy) in case your blood sugar level drops.
Call for emergency medical assistance if you experience any of the following signs of an allergic reaction to Actos: difficulty in breathing, hives, or swelling of the lips, face, tongue or throat.
If you experience any of the following serious side-effects, stop using Actos, and contact your doctor: shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, low fever, stomach pain, loss of appetite, jaundice, vision problems, increased hunger or thirst, increased urination, dark urine, clay-colored stools, weakness, easy bleeding or bruising.
Less serious side-effects may include runny nose, sneezing, cough, symptoms of a cold, headache, muscle pain, dental problems, or gradual weight gain.
Actos may cause other side-effects. If you experience any other uncomfortable symptoms that persist, contact your doctor.
Excessive doses of Actos can cause serious symptoms. If overdose is suspected, call for emergency medical assistance. Symptoms of overdose may include hunger, headache, drowsiness, weakness, tremors, increased heart rate, seizures, fainting or coma.
Actos should be kept in a cool, dry place away from sun and moisture.