Women are under constant stress, both physical and mental. They handle too many responsibilities together. They are the one who look after their spouse, his parents, their kids, home and what not, leaving no time for them to take care of themselves. They juggle between home and office and are always on their toes. Thus, they fall prey to body aches and pain. If the aches and pains occur once in a while, it is normal. But, if it is persistent, it is an alarming sign. Fibromyalgia, i.e., aches and pain is not an issue to ignore.

About 80 to 90% sufferers of fibromyalgia are women.

What is fibromyalgia?
It is a disorder that leads to aches and pain all over their body. They also have some tender points throughout the body. Tender points hurt a lot even when a minute pressure is put on them. These tender points are points on back, neck, shoulders, arms and legs.

What Are The Causes Of Fibromyalgia?
The causes of this disease are still a subject of mystery. But, there are many factors related to fibromyalgia. They are:
• Family history of fibromyalgia
• Traumatic events like severe illness or infections, accidents, repetitive injuries that occur again and again by performing some actions over and over again.

What Are The Symptoms Of Fibromyalgia?
• Trouble sleeping
• Fibro fog i.e., cognitive and memory issues
• Headache
• Morning stiffness
• Irritable bowel syndrome
• Tingling sensations and numbness of hands and feet
• Painful menstruation
• Restless legs syndrome
• Sensitivity to bright lights and loud noise
• Temperature sensitivity

How Is Fibromyalgia Diagnosed?
As aches and pain is the symptoms of many other diseases, it becomes hard to diagnose fibromyalgia. Women keep visiting doctors to doctors but, remain unaware of fibromyalgia.

The correct diagnosis of fibromyalgia is done on the basis of:
• A history of long lasting pain
If a woman complaint about a pain that lasts for more than about three months, it is indicative of fibromyalgia. The pain may occur above or below the waist and in both left and right side of the body.
• Presence Of tender Points
Studies say that there are eighteen sites of tender points. If a woman has eleven or more tender points, the diagnosis is confirmed as fibromyalgia.

What Is The Treatment Of Fibromyalgia?
Treatment of fibromyalgia includes:
• Pain Management: For pain management drugs like duloxetine (Cymbalta), milnacipran (Savella) and pregabalin (Lyrica) are prescribed. Non- narcotic pain relievers and anti- depressants are also prescribed.
• Psychological support is also necessary for the women who suffer from fibromyalgia.
• Proper sleep management is also essential.
• Women with fibromyalgia must avoid alcohol and caffeine.
• Other treatment modalities include:
a) Massage
b) Physical therapy
c) Yoga
d) Acupuncture
e) Relaxation exercises
f) Myofascial release therapy
g) Light aerobics
h) Water therapy
i) Applying cold and heat
j) Aromatherapy
k) Breathing exercises
l) Cognitive therapy
m) Herbs
n) Biofeedback
o) Chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation
p) Nutritional supplements

Health & Drugs Information